What to Plant

Common Name

Scientific Name

Native or Introduced

Size (m)

Habitat and Special Features

Apple/ crab apple, pear Malus X domestica, Pyrus communis Introduced 4 Spring blossoming and has small fruit favoured by wax-eyes.
Blue Gum Eucalyptus globulus subsp. globulus Introduced 40 Full light required. Large tree.
Bottle brush Callistemon spp. Introduced 5 Full light required. Excellent nectar source.
Cabbage tree Cordyline australis Native 12 Iconic tree with white flowers and fruit which are favoured by birds.
Camellias Camellia japonica, Introduced 6 Full light required. More simple, open flowering varieties are best.
Coastal banksia Banksia integrifolia Introduced 16 Full light required. Excellent nectar source. Note can be weedy in some locations.
Cook strait kowhai, “Dragons Gold” Sophora molloyi Native 2 Full light required. Best on steep banks and garden sites.
Feijoa Feijoa sellowana Introduced 3 Frost sensitive when young.
Fierce lancewood Pseudopanax ferox Native 6 Locally threatened.
Fivefinger Pseudopanax arboreus Native 6 Dominant forest understory species.
Green misteltoe Lleostylus micranthus Native 1 Locally threatened species which grows on other trees. Good fruit source for birds. Needs to be grown by seed.
Hakakeke, flax Phormium tenax Native 2 Excellent nectar source, wetland / moist soil species.
Hinau Elaeocarpus dentatus var. dentatus Native 20 Tall forest tree but slow growing. Very important native forest fruit species.
Kaikomako Pennantia corymbosa Native 8 Likes fertile soils.
Kakabeak Clianthus maximus Native 2 Nationally threatened. Full light requiring. Best on steep banks and garden sites.
Kamahi Weinmannia racemosa Introduced 25 Tall forest tree but slow growing.
Karamu Coprosma robusta Native 3 Has abundant red fruits favour by birds.
Kohuhu Pittosporum tenuifolium Native 10 Good mistletoe and dactylanthus host.
Kotukutuku, tree fuchsia Fuchsia excorticata Native 6 Associated with forest, gully and humid sites. Excellent nectar and fruit source.
Kumarahou Pomaderris kumeraho Native 2 Likes poor soils. Will perform best on steep banks and raw pumice soils.
Lancewood Pseudopanax crassifolius Native 6 Frost tolerant, has juvenil and adult growth forms.
Mahoe Melicytus ramiflorus Native 15 Abundant regneration already occuring beneath wood-lots.
Mahoe-wao Melicytus lanceolatus Native 6 Good for frosty sites.
Manuka Leptospermum scoparium var. scoparium Native 5 Ecotone and wetland margin species.
Marri Corymbia calophylla Introduced 40 Full light required. Frost sensitive when young.
Matai Prumnopitys taxifolia Native 25 Slow growing and long lived. Very important native forest fruit species.
Miro Prumnopitys ferruginea Native 25 Slow growing and long lived. Very important native forest fruit species.
Mountain white gum Eucalyptus dalrympleana Introduced 40 Large tree. Full light required. Frost tolerant.
Mugga Eucalyptus sideroxylon “Rosea” Introduced 20 Full light required. Small tree.
North Island kowhai Sophora tetraptera Native 12 Local species. Good on steep banks and mass planted. Early flowering.
Papa kowhai Sophora godleyi Native 12 Taihape-Whanganui species. Late flowering
Pigeonwood Hedycarya arborea Native 6 Subcanopy forest small tree. Excellent summer fruit source.
Puawhananga, clematis Clematis paniculata, C. forsteri, C.foetida Native 6 Flowers liked by kereru.
Putaputaweta Carpodetus serratus Native 5 Forest species. Good mistletoe and dactylanthus host.
Red flowering gum Corymbia ficifolia Introduced 12 Large red flowers.  Frost sensitive. Suitable to plant near Lake Taupo.
Red flowering yellow gum Eucalyptus leucoxylon “Rosea” Introduced 16 Excellent nectar source. Medium sized tree.
Red hot pokers Kniphofia uvaria Introduced 1 Sheltered sites required. Small garden plant which flowers over an extended season if dead-headed.
Red mapou Myrsine australis Native 8 Small fruit favour by birds.
Rewarewa Knightia excelsa Native 25 Frost sensitive when young. Dislikes phosphate fertilisers. Excellent nectar source.
River red gum   Eucalyptus camaldulensis Introduced 20 Large tree. Full light required. Fertile areas.
Shrub grevillias Grevillia species and hybrids Introduced 1.5 Excellent nectar source and hedging species.
Small leaved kowhai Sophora microphylla Native 12 Tolerant of frosty sites - often deciduous. Mid to late flowering species.
Snow gum Eucalyptus pauciflora Introduced 15 Full light required.
Swamp mingimingi Coprosma propinqua & C. tenuicaulis Native 3 Swamp and ecotone species.
Tarata Pittosporum eugenioides Native 12 Good mistletoe and dactylanthus host.
Tasmanian snow gum   Eucalyptus coccifera Introduced 15 Full light required.
Toro Myrsine salicina Native 10 Understory species.
Totara Podocarpus totara Native 30 Slow growing and long lived. Very important native forest fruit species.
Tree lucerne Chamaecytisus palmensis Introduced 6 Good nurse crop especially on raw pumice soils where other species struggle, but short lived.
Victorian waratah Telopea oreades Introduced 6 Full light required. Dislikes phosphate fertilisers. Excellent nectar source.
Wharariki, cliff flax Phormium cookianum Native 1 Best on steep banks and garden sites. Excellent nectar source.
White mistletoe Tupeia antarctica Native 1 Threatened species which grows on other trees. Good fruit source for birds. Needs to be grown by seed.
Wineberry Aristotelia serrata Native 6 Short-lived quick-growing understory species. Good nectar species.
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Greening Taupō has been established to improve the Taupō environment for the people and native wildlife - it's an opportunity to participate in a community conservation initiative.  Find out more or learn about 'the value of trees'

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